Nonprovisional Utility Patent Application

When filing a nonprovisional utility patent application, the United States Patent and Trademark Office reviews your documents to decide whether to grant you the patent.

Filing the specification, claims and abstract electronically requires no additional fee for filing.

However, if you submit the nonprovisional utility patent application via mail or hand delivery, there is an additional $400 non-electronic filing fee that must be paid. However, this fee is reduced by 50 percent for small entities and micro entities.


Nonprovisional utility patent applications (NPUPAs) are formal applications filed with the USPTO to secure patent protection for a functional invention. This type of patent can be issued to its inventor and is usually submitted by individuals or small businesses.

Nonprovisional utility patent applications must include a specification, including a description and claim(s); drawings when needed; an oath or declaration; as well as the prescribed filing, search, and examination fees. They can be filed electronically using either Patent Center or EFS-Web (formerly EFS-Electronic).

When drafting your nonprovisional utility patent application, be sure to adhere to all specifications outlined in 37 CFR Section 1.17. Your patent application must be submitted in English or accompanied by an accurate translation of the specification into English language, together with payment of the fee as specified by 37 CFR SS 1.17(i).

Abstracts should include an introduction and conclusion that concisely state the main points and arguments of the work. Furthermore, they should include key terms and ideas to indicate the purpose, scope, and methods of the research.

A concise abstract should be easily readable, organized logically, and not too wordy. It should avoid excessive jargon or filler words and be simple for people unfamiliar with the topic to comprehend.

Additionally, an abstract should be free from any errors that could prevent it from being accepted by the Patent Office. Having a professional proofread your abstract can help guarantee that it satisfies all requirements for creating an accurate and persuasive abstract.

Typically, an abstract should be between a few and seven hundred words in length. It must include all relevant information about your invention and explain what sets it apart from other similar ones.

You should also explain how your invention relates to the prior art, that is, published work that inspired or helped develop it. Doing this will enable the Patent Office to decide whether your idea is original or if other researchers have already created something similar.


Drawings are an essential element of any patent application. Not only do they depict what is being claimed as the invention, but they also help explain it clearly and concisely. According to utility patent rules, drawings must depict each feature described in claims.

When an examiner reviews your patent application, the drawing set is usually the first thing they will consider. Without accurate drawings, however, they may have difficulty comprehending what you are claiming as your invention.

To guarantee your drawings are correct, adhere to the PTO Guide for Preparing Patent Drawings. This manual lays out rules on everything from drafting standards and drawing types, margins and text sizes.

Furthermore, the guide offers instructions on how to utilize reference numbers in a nonprovisional utility patent application. These are numbers that identify features or aspects of drawings in your written description and should be large enough for easy viewing.

Your drawings should be numbered using consecutive Arabic numbers starting with 1. These should be placed at the top-middle of each sheet and may be shifted to the right side if your drawings take up space on that side.

Once the sheets have been numbered, you can place them in a folder or binder. Be sure to add an additional cover sheet as protection against damage or destruction of your documents.

Furthermore, you should include a self-addressed postcard to your nonprovisional utility patent application. This postcard helps the USPTO confirm that all submissions have been received by them and will be returned to you with its application number and receipt date stamped on it.

In your application’s summary section, you should include a brief overview of prior and similar inventions. Keep it short, focused on only some of the most noteworthy individual patent claims, and free of any negative confessions.


Claims in a nonprovisional utility patent application provide detailed descriptions of an invention and its workings. They are organized in an alphabetical list and numbered using Arabic numerals; each claim stands independently from every other. The number of independent claims depends on how complex your invention is.

Nonprovisional applications must include a specification outlining the invention and any relevant claims; drawings when needed; an oath or declaration; and all necessary filing, search, and examination fees. Furthermore, the title of the invention should also be included.

An applicant should write the title of their invention in a concise, straightforward manner that makes it clear to any reader. It should not be too lengthy, but should accurately summarize how the invention functions. The title must contain no more than 500 characters.

An invention should be a novel and useful process, machine, article of manufacture or composition of matter that can be made and utilized by someone with ordinary skill in the relevant field. It should also be described in sufficient detail so that anyone with ordinary knowledge in that area can make and utilize the invention.

It should describe what problems have been solved and new features are added by the claimed invention. It should also include references to prior art that can serve as a foundation for this claim.

This is a critical element of the patent application. It helps the examiner decide whether your invention is new or useful, as well as if it has been invented before.

Claims should be organized with the broadest claims first and specific ones last. This makes it simpler for the examiner to assess patentability.

Claims can range in form from a single statement that accurately describes an invention, to groups of statements collectively defining the invention as a whole. All claims must be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals and each must start on its own physical sheet or electronic page.

Each claim should be supported by a statement that it is accurate and comprehensive, conforming to the rules of patent law. Furthermore, an English translation or confirmation that this translation has been paid for should accompany it.

Statement of Invention

Nonprovisional utility patent applications are intricate legal documents that must be filled out accurately and include all required documents. Failing to do so could result in your invention being rejected by the USPTO or not receiving a patent.

The statement of invention is an essential element of a nonprovisional utility patent application, as it will determine if the USPTO issues your application as a patent. Therefore, make sure you write an accurate and concise statement that clearly explains your invention.

Your invention must be concise (less than 500 characters) and focused on either a procedure or product. Briefly describe the key aspects of your invention and explain how they work.

Drawings in a nonprovisional utility patent application are essential. These drawings should be drawn by hand on separate sheets and numbered with Arabic numerals.

In addition to the drawing, there should be a section that contains the description of your invention. This should include an exhaustive overview of what has been done and all steps involved in creating it. Furthermore, make sure all references to elements in the drawing are referenced so the USPTO can easily comprehend its workings.

Additionally, you must include a section with your inventor’s oath or declaration, which must be signed personally by the inventor. This document must be submitted with your application and adhere to all applicable rules.

The inventor must sign the oath or declaration, which can be done either manually with a pen, or electronically using an “S-signature”. A copy of the oath or declaration submitted in your provisional patent application may also be utilized provided it complies with all necessary rules for continuing applications.

Utility patents, which last 20 years, are the most common type of patent. They protect intellectual property created by those who have created new devices, processes or materials. Other types of patents exist such as design and plant patents.