How to File Non Provisional Patent Applications

Before filing a non-provisional patent application, it is essential to understand the process involved. Furthermore, consider your short and long term objectives for the invention.

Investing in the protection of your invention can be a costly venture, including preparation fees and examination charges.


The cost to file a non-provisional patent application depends on several factors, including your invention and which patent attorney you select. In some cases, it can cost as little as $750 for business methods or computer software-related patents; on the other hand, complex inventions like artificial intelligence and blockchain systems that verify goods along a supply chain could easily exceed $15,000 in fees.

A quality patent attorney will spend considerable effort to fully comprehend your invention, working closely with you to confirm they comprehend all relevant details. Furthermore, they need enough data to draft sound claims – an essential step in the non provisional patent process – with confidence.

Furthermore, your invention likely necessitates a comprehensive worldwide patent search prior to filing for non-provisional patent application. This can take an extensive amount of time and money.

When filing your patent application online through Patent Center, you will have to pay a filing fee, search fee and examination fee to the USPTO. You can pay these fees with either credit card or electronic funds transfer.

You may submit your patent application by mail or hand delivery, but there will be a $400 non-electronic filing fee. To file electronically with the USPTO, you must register as an eFiler and pay all necessary fees before being assessed a late surcharge.

For micro entities and small entities alike, filing fees will be reduced by 60% under 37 CFR SS 1.27(a), while for larger organizations the discount is increased to 80 percent per 37 CFR SS 1.27(d). To learn more about qualifying for these discounts, visit the Micro Entity and Small Entity sections on this page for further details.

Inventors often mistakenly assume their invention is straightforward and can be explained quickly, leading them to think the entire patent process should only take a few hours. In reality, patenting an invention requires extensive expertise and experience in the art – which may prove costly if unsuccessful. Therefore, hiring an experienced patent attorney with deep technical knowledge and practical experience in your invention field is highly recommended for success.

Priority Date

Priority date refers to the earliest date an inventor can assert ownership of their invention. This date is critical since it determines if other patent applications or documents qualify as prior art against one’s application.

The earliest priority date will depend on the number of related patent applications and when any new features were added. It would therefore be reasonable to have multiple priority dates if distinct inventions were disclosed in multiple related patent applications.

Generally, the earliest priority date for an invention is determined by when the first patent application was filed. This could be either a provisional patent application, non-provisional patent application or foreign patent application.

US patent law requires inventors to disclose their invention sufficiently in order to claim a priority date. This is typically done through a written description and an enablement disclosure.

Additionally, it is ideal to include a comprehensive set of drawings with any invention. These should be drawn accurately to scale and should preferably show actual physical embodiments.

These drawings are an invaluable asset in establishing a priority date and documenting how an invention is made – or how it could be made in the future.

An inventor with a thorough understanding of their invention can then focus on crafting their patent application for the earliest priority date. This is essential in securing both your patent and innovation rights.

To maximize the advantages of a PPA, consult with an USPTO-registered attorney or agent who specializes in patent preparation. They can advise you on what should be included in a PPA and how best to utilize it for your invention’s advancement and protection.

Refiling a provisional patent application may seem straightforward, but doing so could have serious repercussions for you as an inventor. Refiling after your original provisional patent has expired means that any subsequent provisional patent applications won’t be entitled to claim that first provisional’s priority date and you may lose some or all rights associated with that original provisional application.

Conversion Date

Since 1995, inventors can utilize provisional patents to safeguard their ideas before filing a formal patent application. Before these applications were available, however, protecting inventions was more challenging and costly; inventors had to develop, test, and validate them prior to filing an official patent application.

A provisional patent offers inventors an advantage in the marketplace while they work on their inventions. This is especially helpful if the invention needs time to develop and perfect itself.

Provisional patents do have some drawbacks, such as a shorter duration than non-provisional patents and may not cover all aspects of an invention.

If you’re uncertain of the details of your invention, consult a qualified attorney for advice on how best to safeguard it. They also have the expertise to determine whether or not converting a provisional patent into a non-provisional one would be beneficial.

In most cases, filing a new non-provisional patent application to claim the benefit of your provisional patent is advantageous. Doing so gives you patent protection for two decades from filing of the non-provisional application; however, keep in mind that this term will begin from the filing date of your non-provisional rather than from when your provisional patent was originally granted.

Another disadvantage to conversion is that you may lose up to one year of patent term when doing so. Fortunately, the Federal Government recently implemented regulations which make it easier for people to avoid this loss in term through this option.

It’s essential to remember that a non-provisional patent application must reference your provisional patent application in order to claim its priority date. Without doing so, your non-provisional may not have an official priority date and the USPTO could deny its benefits. To minimize this risk, ensure your non-provisional patent includes detailed descriptions of any critical claim elements included in your provisional patent so they have their own priority date when filed for non-provisional consideration.

Filing Date

There are two primary ways to secure a patent on an invention: (i) file a provisional application or (ii) submit a non-provisional application. Each option has its advantages and drawbacks, but both provide inventors with an opportunity to protect their invention through patenting it.

Most inventors opt to file a provisional application due to its speedy and cost-effective nature. Furthermore, it’s simpler and faster to prepare than non-provisional applications since inventions can be described without needing specific templates.

However, submitting a provisional application may not be the most advantageous way to secure patent rights for your invention. This is because they are not reviewed by the United States Patent and Trademark Office on their merits; thus, submitting a non-provisional application after filing for one would make it mature into an actual patent.

Therefore, it is essential that the disclosure of an invention in a provisional application be as comprehensive as possible. The provisional application should be written so that all relevant details about the invention are included both in text and drawings.

Another thing to keep in mind is that provisional applications cannot leverage the benefit of any pre-filed patent, both domestic and foreign. This is because patent law does not permit inventors to claim priority date on an earlier application. To be eligible for the benefits provided by a provisional application, non-provisional applications must be filed within 12 months after its filing date and include specific reference to the provisional application itself.

In order to take advantage of a provisional application’s filing date, its non-provisional counterpart must contain an exhaustive description that includes all essential components. Furthermore, this description must provide sufficient detail and clarity that someone of ordinary skill in the art can comprehend its concept.

In addition to a comprehensive description of the invention, a non-provisional patent application must also identify all inventors involved. Furthermore, it’s essential that any additional inventions have been developed since the provisional application was filed. Lastly, any drawings submitted with the provisional application should also be included with this document.